How Were Spartan Slaves Treated?

What percentage of Athens were slaves?

40 percentHistorians aren’t sure exactly how many slaves the Greeks owned, but they usually estimate that between 30 and 40 percent of the population were slaves.

Even the poorest families owned at least one slave with some wealthy families owning hundreds..

Where did Greek slaves come from?

Slavery was common in antiquity, and the Athenians used thousands of slaves in their private homes, factories, and mines, and also as civil servants. Slaves were usually captured in war and came from all over the Mediterranean, including other Greek cities.

How many slaves did Sparta?

The number of helots in relation to Spartan citizens varied throughout the history of the Spartan state; according to Herodotus, there were seven helots for each Spartan at the time of the Battle of Plataea in 479 BC.

How were slaves in Sparta different from slaves in Athens?

Slaves in Sparta were owned by private citizens, whereas in Athens they were owned by the state. Slaves in Sparta were owned by the state, whereas in Athens they were owned by private citizens. … Slaves in Sparta were allowed to own property, while slaves in Athens were not.

What were slaves called in Greece?

In Homer, Hesiod and Theognis of Megara, the slave was called δμώς (dmōs). The term has a general meaning but refers particularly to war prisoners taken as booty (in other words, property).

Did Spartans throw babies off cliffs?

The Greek myth that ancient Spartans threw their stunted and sickly newborns off a cliff was not corroborated by archaeological digs in the area, researchers said Monday. … “It is probably a myth, the ancient sources of this so-called practice were rare, late and imprecise,” he added.

What is Sparta called today?

Modern day Sparta, the capital of the prefecture of Lakonia, lies on the eastern foothills of Mount Taygetos in the Evrotas River valley. The city has been built upon the site of ancient Sparta, whose Acropolis lies north of the modern city.

Who did Sparta enslave?

Helot, a state-owned serf of the ancient Spartans. The ethnic origin of helots is uncertain, but they were probably the original inhabitants of Laconia (the area around the Spartan capital) who were reduced to servility after the conquest of their land by the numerically fewer Dorians.

What was the average lifespan of a Spartan?

34.6 yearsSpartan women, better fed from childhood and fit from exercise, stood a far better chance of reaching old age than their sisters in other Greek cities, where the median life expectancy was 34.6 years, or roughly ten years below that of men.

Who defeated Sparta?

general AntipaterA large Macedonian army under general Antipater marched to its relief and defeated the Spartan-led force in a pitched battle. More than 5,300 of the Spartans and their allies were killed in battle, and 3,500 of Antipater’s troops.

What was life like in Sparta?

The fears of outside invasion and of a helot revolt led Sparta to create a dominant military culture that affected all aspects of Spartan life. Because Sparta based its power on military strength, Spartans spent little time focusing on arts and culture. From birth, Spartan citizens were raised to become soldiers.

Did slaves build the Acropolis?

Yes, it is likely that slaves served as most or even all of the labor force for the Parthenon, given that the Athenian government owned many slaves…

How did Spartans treat helots?

Spartans, who were outnumbered by the Helots, often treated them brutally and oppressively in an effort to prevent uprisings. Spartans would humiliate the Helots by doing such things as forcing them to get debilitatingly drunk on wine and then make fools of themselves in public.

How were Greek slaves treated?

Slaves in ancient Greece were treated like pieces of property. For Aristotle they were ‘a piece of property that breathes’. They enjoyed different degrees of freedom and were treated kindly or cruelly depending on the personality of the owner.

How did helots become slaves?

Every year, the Crypteia, young men who just completed their training, would declare “war” on helots population. … When the Spartans dominance eroded and Greece fell to Rome, helots still did not get their freedom. Instead of being slaves in Sparta, they became slaves in Rome.